How to install Ubuntu Linux on Windows 10 using VirtualBox
What is a VirtualBox (VBox for short)? Oracle VM VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization platform by Oracle which may be installed on Windows, macOS, Linux, Solaris and OpenSolaris; and according to Wikipedia it supports the creation and management of guest virtual machines on which other OS (known as guest operating systems) apart from the host OS can run. For some of these guest operating systems, a “Guest Additions” package of device drivers and system applications is available, which typically improves performance, especially that of graphics.
Phase 1: Install VirtualBox
Phase 2: Create an Ubuntu Virtual Machine
Phase 3: Configure Settings for the Virtual Machine
- On the left pane of the Settings dialog, select General then click on the Advanced tab then choose Bidirectional for both the Shared Clipboard dropdown and the Drag ‘n’ Drop dropdown.
Phase 4: Install Ubuntu on the Virtual Machine
- VirtualBox launches a new window with the VM and boots from the ISO file. After the few minutes it takes Ubuntu to load, you should see the screen below. Click Install Ubuntu.
- Select your keyboard layout (or accept the defaults) and click Continue.
- You will be prompted with a warning that the changes will be written to disk. Click Continue.
- Select your timezone (e.g. Lagos) and click Continue.
- Enter a your name, computer name, username and password, then click Continue.
- The Ubuntu installation will take several minutes to complete, so you will have to wait a bit.
- After the installation is finished you will be prompted to restart the VM. Click Restart Now.
- When the VM reboots you will see the message depicted by the image below:
From the menu select Machine > Settings.
On the right side, select Storage to show the screen where we previously selected the ISO file. If the Ubuntu ISO file is still there, remove it. Otherwise, close the Settings window, then in the VM click Enter to finish booting.
- If all went well the VM should boot to the Ubuntu login screen. Select your user and enter the password to login.
Phase 5: Check for Updates and Install them
- When the Software Updater app is shown, double-click on it to run it. If there are any updates you should see the dialog shown below.
- When the updates are done installing you will be prompted to restart the VM. Click Restart Now.
Phase 6: Modify Display Settings
- On the VirtualBox window, select the Ubuntu VM on the left pane and then click on the Settings button.
- Then on the left pane of the Settings dialog, click Display. Then input
32 MBfor Video Memory.
- Next is to install the Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack we downloaded earlier on with the VirtualBox installer.
- Then on the VM window, click on the Start button to boot the Ubuntu VM.
Phase 7: Install Guest Additions
- The software will automatically start. In the prompt, click Run on the dialog that appears.
- Restart Ubuntu.
Hurray!!! You have successfully installed an Ubuntu Virtual Machine on your (host) PC running on Windows OS.